Many of us have forgotten how to move correctly. We live with muscular imbalances, constant pain and low energy. Adam Sinicki is on a mission to change this. He is best known for his YouTube channel The Bioneer, where he provides expertise on functional training, brain training, productivity, flow states and more. Currently popular functional training is exercise as rehabilitation. It aims to restore normal, healthy strength and mobility using compound and multifaceted movements.
In the world of strength and conditioning, learning how to move others not just physically, but also psychologically and emotionally is paramount to getting the most out of them. People are the ultimate performance variable, and understanding how to effectively blend knowledge of proper training with the nuances of human behavior is integral to helping athletes achieve their ultimate goals. Unfortunately, while much attention has been given to the science of physical training, little attention has been given to the science of communication.
There is a difference between Exercise and Training. Exercise is physical activity for its own sake, a workout done for the effect it produces today, during the workout or right after you're through. Training is physical activity done with a longer-term goal in mind, the constituent workouts of which are specifically designed to produce that goal. Training is how athletes prepare to win, and how all motivated people approach physical preparation. Practical Programming for Strength Training 3rd Edition addresses the topic of Training. It details the mechanics of the process, from the basic physiology of adaptation to the specific programs that apply these principles to novice, intermediate, and advanced lifters. --Each chapter completely updated --New illustrations and graphics --Better explanations of the proven programs that have been helping hundreds of thousands of lifters get stronger more efficiently --Expanded Novice chapter with the details of 3 different approaches to the problem of getting stuck and special approaches for the underweight and overweight trainee --Expanded Intermediate chapter with 18 separate programs and 11 detailed examples --Expanded Advanced chapter with detailed examples of 9 different programs --Expanded Special Populations chapter with example programs for women and masters lifters training through their 50s, 60s, 70s, and 80s --Day-to-day, workout-to-workout, week-by-week detailed programs for every level of training advancement --The most comprehensive book on the theory and practice of programming for strength training in print Printed in a new larger format for better display of the programs, PPST3 will be an important addition to your training library.
There are many potential advantages to the NP approach, although no definitive conclusions can be made at this time. First of all, the weekly fluctuations in training loads may lead to better neuromuscular adaptations compared to the LP approach, as loads are more unpredictable. Secondly, the NP program accounts for the need for modifications in the training program based on an athlete's recovery from competition or from a previous workout/training session. Additionally, in the NP model, several training parameters may be addressed at the same time. Therefore, an athlete may address power and strength within the same week. Finally, due to the concurrent nature of the training, the detraining effects that occur in a LP approach might be avoided.
In order to stimulate further adaptation toward specific training goals, progressive resistance training (RT) protocols are necessary. The optimal characteristics of strength-specific programs include the use of concentric (CON), eccentric (ECC), and isometric muscle actions and the performance of bilateral and unilateral single- and multiple-joint exercises. In addition, it is recommended that strength programs sequence exercises to optimize the preservation of exercise intensity (large before small muscle group exercises, multiple-joint exercises before single-joint exercises, and higher-intensity before lower-intensity exercises). For novice (untrained individuals with no RT experience or who have not trained for several years) training, it is recommended that loads correspond to a repetition range of an 8-12 repetition maximum (RM). For intermediate (individuals with approximately 6 months of consistent RT experience) to advanced (individuals with years of RT experience) training, it is recommended that individuals use a wider loading range from 1 to 12 RM in a periodized fashion with eventual emphasis on heavy loading (1-6 RM) using 3- to 5-min rest periods between sets performed at a moderate contraction velocity (1-2 s CON; 1-2 s ECC). When training at a specific RM load, it is recommended that 2-10% increase in load be applied when the individual can perform the current workload for one to two repetitions over the desired number. The recommendation for training frequency is 2-3 d x wk(-1) for novice training, 3-4 d x wk(-1) for intermediate training, and 4-5 d x wk(-1) for advanced training. Similar program designs are recommended for hypertrophy training with respect to exercise selection and frequency. For loading, it is recommended that loads corresponding to 1-12 RM be used in periodized fashion with emphasis on the 6-12 RM zone using 1- to 2-min rest periods between sets at a moderate velocity. Higher volume, multiple-set programs are recommended for maximizing hypertrophy. Progression in power training entails two general loading strategies: 1) strength training and 2) use of light loads (0-60% of 1 RM for lower body exercises; 30-60% of 1 RM for upper body exercises) performed at a fast contraction velocity with 3-5 min of rest between sets for multiple sets per exercise (three to five sets). It is also recommended that emphasis be placed on multiple-joint exercises especially those involving the total body. For local muscular endurance training, it is recommended that light to moderate loads (40-60% of 1 RM) be performed for high repetitions (>15) using short rest periods (
The reasons, however, involve more subtle considerations than whether the program is a blunt instrument, saving us from programming for your individual needs. It is exactly the opposite, actually. Judicious use of the Novice Program and proper management reveal three main reasons we love it so much. (1) Everyone is a novice sometimes (usually many times) during their training career. (2) The program is the best way to generate useful training history, data that informs the rest of your program. And (3) in practice, the Novice Program is individualized, based on actual training, and playing out in as many different ways as the number of people who use it.
Long-term performance development is only achieved when athletes are exposed to a systematic increase in training load over time, while adequate recovery is ensured . Indeed, the capacity to perform and absorb large training loads is seen as both an adaptation over time and a talent in itself. Training load in sprint running is determined by a series of components such as training modality (e.g., sprinting/running, strength training, plyometric training), duration, intensity, resting periods, session rate, running surface, and footwear [10,11,12,13,14,15,16]. These components will be treated more in detail in a sprint-specific setting later in this review.
These programs provided are very general plans. When programming for yourself, there will be individual factors to account for such as previous injuries, time, equipment, and space available, and individual strengths and weaknesses.
There are a myriad of exercises to choose from when designing a strength training program. On a basic level, strength training exercises can be divided into single-joint exercises (or isolation exercises) and multi-joint exercises (or compound exercises). Single-joint exercises are designed to target specific muscles; examples include the biceps curl, shoulder abduction, and leg extension. Alternatively, multi-joint exercises activate several groups of muscles synchronously, which allows lifting of heavier weights; examples include the squat, bench press and barbell row. ACSM guidelines state that the strength training programs should include both single- and multi-joint exercises, but recommend emphasizing multi-joint exercises as they are considered more effective in increasing overall strength and daily-life function . Some studies have suggested that hypertrophy occurs earlier following single-joint exercises as these exercises generally are easier to learn and thus require less neural adaptation than multi-joint exercises [30, 31]. However, strength improvements in multi-joint exercises appear to be higher and more rapid than in single-joint exercises . Thus, single-joint exercises could provide little added benefit from a strength standpoint. A review from 2017 that encompassed 23 original articles concluded that, at least for upper-body training, it appears unlikely that the inclusion of single-joint exercises will meaningfully contribute to additional short- or long-term benefits over training solely with multi-joint exercises .
In theory, bodyweight training could be effective for gaining strength and muscle mass, as these adaptations are obtained by progressively overloading the neuromuscular system irrespective of the type of external resistance. However, bodyweight training presents some practical challenges with respect to altering acute training variables. When using external weights, it is easy to incrementally increase resistance, whereas bodyweight resistance usually requires changing the initial form of the exercise to achieve greater resistances (e.g. changing from push-ups on the knees to push-ups on the toes). Thus, one variation of the exercise may be too easy, while the other may be too difficult. Increasing repetitions is therefore generally required to alter the training stimulus until the individual is strong enough to change the form of the exercise progression. Bodyweight training also requires more knowledge about training to progress by changing the biomechanics of an exercise rather than simply adding more weight. As previously mentioned, if training is performed to muscular failure, using a low load-high repetition approach can be effective for strength and especially hypertrophy. Therefore, a well-planned bodyweight program conceivably could be an effective strategy to improve muscular adaptations. 781b155fdc